The London Underground: A Timeline
From Londonhua WIKI
The London Underground
Your Project Page Picture Caption
- 1 The London Underground
- 2 Abstract
- 3 Introduction
- 4 Background
- 5 Deliverable: Comparing the original to present day
- 6 Conclusion
- 7 References
- 8 Attribution of Work
- 9 External Links
- 10 Image Gallery
- 11 Category tags
The paragraph should give a three to five sentence abstract about your entire London HUA experience including 1) a summary of the aims of your project, 2) your prior experience with humanities and arts courses and disciplines, and 3) your major takeaways from the experience. This can and should be very similar to the paragraph you use to summarize this milestone on your Profile Page. It should contain your main Objective, so be sure to clearly state a one-sentence statement that summarizes your main objective for this milestone such as "a comparison of the text of Medieval English choral music to that of the Baroque" or it may be a question such as "to what extent did religion influence Christopher Wren's sense of design?"
I suggest you save this section for last. Describe the essence of this project. Cover what the project is and who cares in the first two sentences. Then cover what others have done like it, how your project is different. Discuss the extent to which your strategy for completing this project was new to you, or an extension of previous HUA experiences.
As you continue to think about your project milestones, reread the "Goals" narrative on defining project milestones from the HU2900 syllabus. Remember: the idea is to have equip your milestone with a really solid background and then some sort of "thing that you do". You'll need to add in some narrative to describe why you did the "thing that you did", which you'd probably want to do anyway. You can make it easy for your advisors to give you a high grade by ensuring that your project milestone work reflects careful, considerate, and comprehensive thought and effort in terms of your background review, and insightful, cumulative, and methodical approaches toward the creative components of your project milestone deliverables.
Now you're on your own! Your milestone must include a thorough and detailed background section with detailed subsections; if additional articles are required to be referenced in this background section, create those as well and link to them (the creation of all pages is tracked by the wiki site and attributed to your username). Remember to use rich multimedia whenever possible. Consult the Help page as needed! Remember, if you don't see an article on this site that is an integral part of your project, create it! Your entire page-creating/page-editing history factors into your overall grade.
Building the London Underground: A Timeline
- 1855- A test tunnel is built in Kibblesworth to test the feasibility of the idea of trains underground. It is later filled.
- 1863 - The Metropolitan Railway runs between Paddington and Farringdon Street- present day Metropolitan line.
- 1864 - Services to Addison Road (now Kensington Olympia), via the curve at Latimer Road, begin on the Metropolitan Railway, now the Hammersmith & City line. The railway extends to Hammersmith.
- 1868 - The District Railway opens between South Kensington and Westminster.
- 1868 -The Metropolitan Railway extends to South Kensington (Circle Line).
- 1868 - The Metropolitan line extends from Baker Street to Swiss Cottage.
- 1869 - New tracks open on the District line between Gloucester Road and West Brompton.
- 1869 - A new London and South Western line opens between north of Addison Road and Richmond. The new Hammersmith station means the old terminus is re-sited.
- 1874 - The District line extends to Hammersmith, Richmond in 1877 and Ealing Broadway in 1879.
- 1884 - The inner circle line is completed by linking the Metropolitan and District lines at both ends (becomes part of the Circle Line).
- 1884 - The District line extends to Mark Lane (now Tower Hill) and Hounslow.
- 1884 - The Metropolitan Railway extends east to Whitechapel, now part of the Hammersmith & City line.
- 1885 - The two-year-old Ealing to Windsor service ends on the District line.
- 1890- City & South London Railway between Stockwell and King William opens, this will become part of the Northern line. The Underground first became known as “the Tube”.
- 1892 - The Metropolitan line is extended to Aylesbury.
- 1898 - The Waterloo & City line became London’s second, deep-level Tube railway.
- 1904 - The Uxbridge branch of the metropolitan line is opened.
- 1905- The Circle and District lines and part of the Metropolitan line become electrified.
- 1906 - Now part of the Bakerloo line, The Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens between Baker Street and Elephant & Castle.
- 1906 - What will become the Hammersmith & City line is electrified.
- 1906 - The Piccadilly line opens between Finsbury Park an Hammersmith.
- 1907- The Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead- known as the Hampstead Tube- opens between the Strand to Golders Green, with a branch between Cmaden Town and Highgate. This will become part of the Northern line.
- 1907 - A branch on the Piccadilly line opens from Holborn to Aldwych.
- 1908 - The Central line extends west to Wood Lane to support the While City Exhibition.
- 1910 - The District line extends to Uxbridge.
- 1912 - The Central Line extends east from Bank to Liverpool Street.
- 1915 - The Bakerloo line is extended from Baker Street to Queen’s Park. Women are employed by UERL and the Metropolitan Railway as “wartime substitutes” for previously male positions during the First World War.
- 1920 - The Central line extends west to Ealing Broadway.
- 1921- Hampstead Railway- the Northern line- extends to Edgware.
- 1922- City & South London Railway links to the Hampstead line at Camden town, extends south to Morden and Kennington (1926), and officially becomes known as the Northern line (1933).
- 1925 - The Watford branch of the Metropolitan line opens.
- 1932 - Another branch of the Metropolitan line to Stanmore opens.
- 1932-3 - The Piccadilly line extends south to South Harrow, Arnos Grove, Hounslow West, Uxbridge, and Cockfosters.
- 1936 - The “Circle Line” name appears on a poster for the first time.
- 1936 - Trains are extended over the former District Railway line to Barking (Hammersmith & City).
- 1939 - The Bakerloo Line takes over the Stanmore branch of the Metropolitan line.
- 1939-41- The new Northern line extends between Archway and East Finchley, High barnet and Mill Hill East.
- 1940 - Following bomb damage, the service to Addison Road is suspended and doesn’t restart after the war (Hammersmith & City).
- 1945 - After the war, new tracks next to the main line railway start to be used. They run from North Acton to West Ruislip and include new tunnels from Liverpool Street to Leyton.
- 1945 - The Waterloo & City line became part of British Railways.
- 1949 - The Circle Line gets its own line on the Tube map.
- 1961 - The Metropolitan line is electrified to Amersham and Chesham. Services beyond Amersham are taken over by British Rail (now Chiltern Railways).
- 1968-9 - The Victoria Line opens between Walthamstow Central and Victoria. This is the first computer-controlled underground railway, utilizing automatic trains and ticket gates.
- 1971 - The Victoria line was completed with the opening of Brixton station.
- 1975- The tunneled link between Finsbury Park and Moorgate on the Northern line is transferred to British Rail (now First Capital Connect).
- 1977 - Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, and 3 open on the Piccadilly line.
- 1979 - The first stage of the Jubilee line opens between Charing Cross and Baker Street.
- 1979 - The Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line closes.
- 1986 - The Heathrow service on the Piccadilly line becomes a loop with the opening of Terminal 4.
- 1988 - The Hammersmith & City line is officially named Hammersmith & City.
- 1989 - Services between Queen’s Park and Harrow & Wealdstone restart on the Bakerloo line.
- 1993- Angel station work is completed for the Northern Line.
- 1994 - The Epping to Ongar shuttle service closes due to low passenger numbers (Central Line).
- 1994 - The Aldwych branch of the Piccadilly line closes down because of too few passengers and high costs.
- 1994 - The Waterloo & City line transferred to London Underground.
- 1999 - The Jubilee line is extended from Green Park to Stratford.
- 2009 - The Circle line is broken and replaced by an end-to-end service.
- 2008 - Heathrow Terminal 5 opens on the Piccadilly line.
- 2012 - The original 1968 Victoria line received a complete upgrade.
- 2012 - A new fleet of electric trains are introduced on the Metropolitan line. They are the first on the Underground to feature air conditioning and full-length, walk through interiors.
Deliverable: Comparing the original to present day
Adapting and Advancing
How has this revolutionary mode of transportation adapted to account for the increased population of London?
A Projected Timeline
In this section, provide a summary or recap of your work, as well as potential areas of further inquiry (for yourself, future students, or other researchers).
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Attribution of Work
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If appropriate, add an external links section
If appropriate, add an image gallery
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[[Category:Philosophy & Religion Projects]]
[[Category:Drama & Theater Projects]]
[[Category:Writing & Rhetoric Projects]]
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